Surrogacy is when another woman carries and gives birth to a baby for a couple that wants to have a child.
Surrogacy may be suitable if a woman has a medical condition that makes it impossible or dangerous to get pregnant and/or give birth.
The type of medical conditions that might make surrogacy necessary, include:
- absence or malformation of the womb
- recurrent pregnancy loss or repeated IVF implantation failures
- severe heart or renal disease
Types of surrogacy:
Full surrogacy (also known as Host or Gestational Surrogacy) – Full surrogacy involves the implantation of embryos created using either:
- eggs and sperm of the intended parents
- donated eggs fertilized with sperm from the intended father
- embryos created using donor eggs and sperm
Partial surrogacy (also known Straight or Traditional Surrogacy) – Partial surrogacy involves sperm from the intended father and an egg from the surrogate. Here fertilisation is (usually) done by artificial insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI). This is forbidden in Cyprus, even though it is allowed in other countries.
It is quite difficult to determine a success rate for surrogacy, as many factors are relevant, including:
- the surrogate’s ability to get pregnant
- the age of the woman who provides the egg
- the success of the procedures such as IUI and IVF
- the quality of the gametes provided by the commissioning couple
Legal issues associated with surrogacy in Cyprus:
The new legislation voted in May 2015 in Cyprus allows surrogacy for the following cases:
- full (or gestational) surrogacy
- married couples or woman and man who have a stable and permanent relationship
It is very important to note that:
- partial (or traditional) surrogacy is forbidden in Cyprus
- no adoption is needed as surrogate has no rights on the child to be born
- single people must submit an application to the relevant council for possible approval
- the couple is responsible to find and agree with the potential surrogate mother
- commercial surrogacy is illegal, although compensation can be given to the surrogate
Choosing a surrogate – the couple should choose a woman capable of having a safe, healthy pregnancy and birth. It is also vital that the couple build up a trusting relationship with the surrogate.
Paying surrogate expenses – It is not allowed to pay for a surrogate in Cyprus – commercial surrogacy is illegal. However, the intended parents are responsible for the reasonable expenses of the surrogate (for example, medical expences, clothes, travel expenses and loss of earnings).